The symptoms of low back pain
Pain in the lumbar region or low back pain is the pain in the part of the spine below the ribcage. It can be caused by a variety of factors, and it manifests in several ways. You can feel either sharp, stabbing sensation or dull pain, and it can sometimes make it difficult to move, stand or sit.
It often happens suddenly, after heavy lifting or sports, and it is called acute pain. If it does not go away within 72 hours, you should seek medical help. In case the pain lasts for over three months, it is considered to be chronic
Diagnosing low back pain
In case you feel the pain longer than 72 hours, you should consult your doctor. In order for the physician to accurately diagnose the cause of pain and the treatment.
You should be specific about the intensity and the type of pain you feel, as well as the exact area where you feel it. You should also describe some of your habits which can cause the condition, and inform the doctor if you were engaged in an activity that can potentially be harmful to the spine. An X-ray, CT scan or MRI scan is sometimes needed in order to determine the treatment.
Risk factors for low back pain
The most frequent factors that cause low back pain are incorrect posture, heavy lifting, obesity and sports injuries. People usually experience low back pain during their thirties, and the risk increases with age.
Some lifestyle factors can largely influence that you begin feeling low back pain even at the early age. The most common reasons are being overweight or obese and lack of physical activity. However, there are some other factors such as overdoing physical activity or the way you carry your bag that can also cause pain in the lumbar area.
Overweight and obese people often have low back pain and other troubles with spine and bones. This is because their spine cannot support their weight, which causes pain and discomfort. Losing weight and keeping it under control is one of the ways to do your spine a favor and reduce low back pain.
Lack of physical activity or overdoing it
Lack of physical activity leads to getting overweight and to the weakening of the muscles among which are the ones along the spine. Therefore, you should engage in mild to moderate physical activity, but you should not overdo it because in that you risk to get injured and cause counter effect.
Some workplace-related factors can influence the development of low back pain as well. The most common are long-time sitting and standing, as well as lifting heavy loads, especially if they are lifted improperly.
Extended periods of sitting
If your job requires long periods of sitting or standing, it can cause low back pain. In case you need to spend work time sitting in front of the computer, make sure to get an ergonomic chair which you will adjust according to your natural posture. In case you need to spend time standing, make sure to distribute the weight evenly on your feet and take breaks to walk or sit down.
Wrong lifting of heavy loads
Lifting heavy loads is demanding and risky as is, and it is even riskier if it is done improperly. Lifting loads with your back instead with your legs can cause injury and pain, as well as lifting weights that exceed your limits.